Takulandilani patsamba lathu.

Chidziwitso

Chidziwitso choyambirira cha zida zama wiring zamagalimoto

Chingwe cha waya wamagalimoto

Chingwe cholumikizira mawaya agalimoto (cholumikizira cholumikizira pamagalimoto) chimazindikira kulumikizana kwamagetsi ndi magawo osiyanasiyana amagetsi pagalimoto.Chingwe cha waya chimagawidwa pagalimoto yonse.Ngati injini ikufaniziridwa ndi mtima wa galimoto, ndiye kuti makina opangira mawaya ndi neural network ya galimoto, yomwe imayang'anira kufalitsa uthenga pakati pa magawo osiyanasiyana amagetsi a galimoto.

Pali mitundu iwiri yamakina opangira zida zama wiring zamagalimoto

(1) Kugawidwa ndi mayiko aku Europe ndi America, kuphatikiza China, TS16949 system imagwiritsidwa ntchito kuwongolera njira yopangira.

(2) Makamaka ku Japan: Toyota, Honda, ali ndi machitidwe awo omwe amawongolera njira zopangira.

Opanga ma wiring harness ali ndi zomwe amakonda ndipo amaphatikiza kufunikira kwa luso la kupanga chingwe komanso kuwongolera mtengo wa chingwe.Zomera zazikulu zapadziko lapansi zomangira mawaya nthawi zambiri zimatengera mawaya ndi zingwe, monga Yazaki, Sumitomo, Leni, Guhe, Fujikura, kelop, Jingxin, ndi zina zambiri.

Chidziwitso chachidule cha zida zofananira zama waya zamagalimoto

1. Waya (waya wochepa mphamvu, 60-600v)

Mitundu ya mawaya:

National muyezo mzere: QVR, QFR, QVVR, qbv, qbv, etc

Zolemba zatsiku ndi tsiku: AV, AVS, AVSS, AEX, AVX, cavus, EB, TW, she-g, etc.

Kuyika chizindikiro ku Germany: flry-a, flry-b, ndi zina

Mzere waku America: Sxl, etc

Zodziwika bwino ndi mawaya okhala ndi gawo laling'ono la 0.5, 0.75, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5, 4.0, 6.0 square mm.

2. M'chimake

Chipolopolo (chipolopolo cha rabala) nthawi zambiri chimapangidwa ndi pulasitiki.Kondakitala wa terminal yoponderezedwa amalowetsedwamo kuti atsimikizire kudalirika kwa kulumikizana.Zinthuzo zikuphatikizapo PA6, PA66, ABS, PBT, PP, ndi zina

3. Pokwerera

Chigawo cha Hardware chopangidwa ndi mawonekedwe, chomwe chimapindika pawaya kuti chilumikize mawaya osiyanasiyana kuti atumize ma siginecha, kuphatikiza ma terminal aamuna, ma terminal achikazi, ring terminal ndi circular terminal, etc.

Zida zazikulu ndi zamkuwa ndi zamkuwa (kuuma kwa mkuwa kumakhala kotsika pang'ono kusiyana ndi mkuwa), ndipo mkuwa umapanga gawo lalikulu.

2. Chalk m'chimake Chalk: Bawuti madzi, pulagi akhungu, mphete kusindikiza, mbale lokhoma, zomangira, etc.

Nthawi zambiri amagwiritsidwa ntchito kupanga cholumikizira ndi sheath terminal

3. Kupyolera mu dzenje mphira mbali za waya zomangira

Lili ndi ntchito zoletsa kuvala, zopanda madzi ndi kusindikiza.Imagawidwa makamaka pa mawonekedwe pakati pa injini ndi kabati, mawonekedwe pakati pa kanyumba kanyumba ndi kabati (kumanzere ndi kumanja kwathunthu), mawonekedwe pakati pa zitseko zinayi (kapena khomo lakumbuyo) ndi galimoto, ndi thanki yamafuta. kulowa.

4. Chingwe (clip)

Choyambirira, chomwe nthawi zambiri chimapangidwa ndi pulasitiki, chimagwiritsidwa ntchito kugwirizira ma waya m'galimoto.Pali zomangira, zomangira za bellows loko.

5. Zida za chitoliro

Agawidwa mu malata chitoliro, PVC kutentha shrinkable chitoliro, fiberglass chitoliro.Kulukidwa chitoliro, chokhotakhota chitoliro, etc. Kuteteza mawaya zomangira.

① Mavuvu

Nthawi zambiri, pafupifupi 60% kapena kupitilira apo amagwiritsidwa ntchito pomanga mitolo.Chofunikira chachikulu ndikukana kuvala bwino, kukana kutentha kwambiri, kutentha kwamoto komanso kukana kutentha ndizabwino kwambiri m'malo otentha kwambiri.Kutentha kwa kutentha kwa mvuvu ndi -40-150 ℃.Zinthu zake zimagawidwa kukhala PP ndi pa2.PA ndi yabwino kuposa PP mu kuchedwa kwamoto komanso kukana kuvala, koma PP ndiyabwino kuposa PA pakutopa.

② Ntchito ya chitoliro chowotcha cha PVC ndi yofanana ndi chitoliro chamalata.PVC chitoliro kusinthasintha ndi kupinda mapindikidwe kukana ndi zabwino, ndi PVC chitoliro zambiri kutsekedwa, choncho PVC chitoliro zimagwiritsa ntchito pa nthambi ya mapindikidwe mapindikira, kuti waya yosalala kusintha.Kutentha kukana kutentha kwa PVC chitoliro si mkulu, zambiri m'munsimu 80 ℃.

6. Tepi

Tepi yopanga: chilonda pamwamba pa waya.(zogawidwa mu PVC, siponji tepi, nsalu tepi, pepala tepi, etc.).Tepi yozindikiritsa khalidwe: yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito pozindikira zolakwika zomwe zimapangidwa.

Tepi imagwira ntchito yomanga, kukana kuvala, kutchinjiriza, kuletsa moto, kuchepetsa phokoso, kuyika chizindikiro ndi ntchito zina mumtolo wa waya, zomwe nthawi zambiri zimakhala pafupifupi 30% yazomangira.Pali mitundu itatu ya tepi yopangira ma waya: tepi ya PVC, tepi ya air flannel ndi tepi yoyambira ya nsalu.Tepi ya PVC ili ndi kukana kwabwino kwa mavalidwe ndi kuchedwa kwamoto, ndipo kutentha kwake kumakhala pafupifupi 80 ℃, kotero kuti ntchito yake yochepetsera phokoso si yabwino ndipo mtengo wake ndi wochepa.Zida za tepi ya flannel ndi tepi yoyambira ya nsalu ndi pet.Tepi ya flannel imakhala ndi ntchito yabwino kwambiri yomangirira komanso yochepetsera phokoso, ndipo kukana kutentha kuli pafupifupi 105 ℃;tepi yansalu imakhala ndi kukana kwabwino kwambiri, ndipo kutentha kwakukulu kumakhala pafupifupi 150 ℃.Zoyipa zofala za tepi ya flannel ndi tepi yoyambira yansalu ndikuchedwa kwamoto komanso kukwera mtengo.

Chidziwitso cha zida zama wiring zamagalimoto

Chingwe cholumikizira magalimoto

Ma wiring harness ndiye gawo lalikulu la netiweki yamagalimoto.Popanda ma waya, sipadzakhala kuzungulira magalimoto.Pakalipano, kaya ndi galimoto yapamwamba kapena galimoto yachuma, chingwe cholumikizira mawaya chimakhala chofanana, chomwe chimapangidwa ndi mawaya, zolumikizira ndi tepi yokulunga.

Waya wagalimoto umatchedwanso waya wocheperako, womwe ndi wosiyana ndi waya wamba wamba.Wamba wamba wamba wamba ndi waya wamba, wokhala ndi kuuma kwina.Mawaya agalimoto ndi mawaya a copper multi core flexible, ena mwaoonda ngati tsitsi.Mawaya angapo ofewa amkuwa amakulungidwa mu mapaipi otsekeredwa apulasitiki (PVC), omwe ndi ofewa komanso osavuta kuthyoka.

osadziwika

Zodziwika bwino za mawaya mu mawaya opangira ma waya amaphatikizanso mawaya omwe ali ndi gawo la 0.5, 0.75, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5, 4.0, 6.0, ndi zina zonse. za zida zosiyanasiyana zogwiritsira ntchito mphamvu.Tengani zida zamagalimoto mwachitsanzo, mzere wa 0.5 umagwiritsidwa ntchito pa nyali ya zida, nyali yowonetsera, nyali yachitseko, nyali yapadenga, ndi zina;0.75 specifications mzere ndi oyenera mbale mbale nyale, kutsogolo ndi kumbuyo ang'onoang'ono nyali, ananyema nyali, etc.;1.0 specifications mzere ndi oyenera kutembenukira chizindikiro nyali, chifunga nyali, etc.;Mzere wa 1.5 ndi woyenera nyali yakumutu, nyanga, ndi zina;chingwe chachikulu chamagetsi monga waya wamagetsi a jenereta, waya wapansi, etc. amafuna waya wa 2.5-4mm2.Izi zimangotanthauza galimoto wamba, fungulo zimadalira pazipita panopa mtengo wa katundu.Mwachitsanzo, waya wapansi wa batri ndi chingwe chabwino chamagetsi amagwiritsidwa ntchito padera pa mawaya apagalimoto.Ma diameter awo amawaya ndi akulu, osachepera mamilimita masikweya khumi.Mawaya a "Big Mac" awa sangaphatikizidwe mu harni yayikulu.

Musanayambe kukonza makina opangira ma wiring, chojambula cha mawaya chiyenera kujambulidwa pasadakhale, chomwe ndi chosiyana ndi chojambula cha dera.Circuit schematic diagraph ndi chithunzi chomwe chimafotokoza za ubale wa magawo osiyanasiyana amagetsi.Siziwonetsa momwe zida zamagetsi zimagwirizanirana wina ndi mzake, ndipo sizimakhudzidwa ndi kukula ndi mawonekedwe a gawo lililonse lamagetsi ndi mtunda pakati pawo.Chojambula cha ma waya chiyenera kuganizira kukula ndi mawonekedwe a gawo lililonse lamagetsi ndi mtunda wapakati pawo, ndikuwonetseranso momwe zida zamagetsi zimagwirizanirana wina ndi mzake.

Zosazindikirika

Katswiri wa fakitale yopangira mawaya akapanga mawaya opangira ma wiring board molingana ndi chojambula chojambulira, wogwira ntchitoyo amadula waya ndi waya molingana ndi malamulo a bolodi.Chingwe chachikulu chagalimoto yonse chimagawidwa kukhala injini (kuwotcha, EFI, kupanga mphamvu, kuyambira), chida, kuyatsa, zoziziritsa kukhosi, zida zothandizira zamagetsi ndi magawo ena, kuphatikiza zida zazikulu ndi zida zanthambi.Chingwe chachikulu chagalimoto chimakhala ndi zingwe zingapo zolumikizira nthambi, monga mtengo ndi nthambi.Chida chachitsulo ndi gawo lapakati la cholumikizira chachikulu chagalimoto yonse, yomwe imabwerera mmbuyo ndi mtsogolo.Chifukwa chautali wautali kapena msonkhano wosavuta ndi zifukwa zina, ma waya amagalimoto ena amagawidwa kukhala zida zamutu (kuphatikiza chida, injini, msonkhano wowunikira kutsogolo, zoziziritsa kukhosi, batire), zida zam'mbuyo (kusonkhana kwa nyali za mchira, nyali ya mbale ya layisensi, thunthu nyali), zomangira padenga (chitseko, denga nyale, phokoso lipenga), etc. Aliyense mapeto a zomangira adzakhala chizindikiro ndi manambala ndi zilembo kusonyeza kugwirizana chinthu cha waya.Wogwira ntchitoyo amatha kuona kuti chizindikirocho chikhoza kulumikizidwa molondola ndi mawaya ndi zipangizo zamagetsi, zomwe zimakhala zothandiza kwambiri pokonza kapena kusintha chingwe.Panthawi imodzimodziyo, mtundu wa waya umagawidwa kukhala mzere wamtundu umodzi ndi mzere wamitundu iwiri.Cholinga cha mtundu chimatchulidwanso, chomwe nthawi zambiri chimakhala chokhazikika ndi wopanga galimoto.Miyezo yamakampani aku China imangotchula mtundu waukulu, mwachitsanzo, wakuda umodzi umagwiritsidwa ntchito poyika waya, monochrome wofiira amagwiritsidwa ntchito pa chingwe chamagetsi, chomwe sichingasokonezeke.

Mawaya amakulungidwa ndi waya woluka kapena tepi ya pulasitiki.Kuti chitetezo, kukonza ndi kukonza bwino, kukulunga waya woluka kwathetsedwa.Tsopano yakulungidwa ndi tepi yapulasitiki yomatira.Cholumikizira kapena cholumikizira chimagwiritsidwa ntchito polumikizana pakati pa cholumikizira ndi cholumikizira komanso pakati pa zida ndi zida zamagetsi.Cholumikizira chimapangidwa ndi pulasitiki ndipo chimakhala ndi pulagi ndi socket.Chingwe cholumikizira mawaya chimalumikizidwa ndi cholumikizira chawaya, ndipo kulumikizana pakati pa zida ndi zida zamagetsi kumalumikizidwa ndi cholumikizira kapena lug.

Ndi kuchuluka kwa ntchito zamagalimoto komanso kufalikira kwaukadaulo wowongolera zamagetsi, zida zamagetsi zochulukirachulukira, mawaya ochulukirachulukira, ndi mawaya amawaya amakula ndikulemera.Chifukwa chake, magalimoto apamwamba adayambitsa kasinthidwe kabasi ya CAN, amagwiritsa ntchito njira yotumizira ma multiplex.Poyerekeza ndi zida zachikhalidwe zopangira ma wiring, kuchuluka kwa mawaya ndi zolumikizira kumachepetsedwa kwambiri, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti wiring ikhale yosavuta.