Takulandilani patsamba lathu.

Chidziwitso

Chidziwitso choyambirira cha zingwe zamagalimoto zamagalimoto

Magalimoto Kulumikizana mangani

Kuyimitsa kolowera galimoto (kuyimitsa kolowera galimoto) kumazindikira kulumikizana kwamphamvu yamagetsi ndi magawo amagetsi osiyanasiyana pagalimoto. Zingwe zolumikizira zimagawidwa pamagalimoto onse. Ngati injini ikufaniziridwa ndi mtima wa galimoto, ndiye kuti ma waya oyimilira ndi njira yolumikizira magalimoto m'galimoto, yomwe imayambitsa kufalitsa kwazidziwitso pakati pamagetsi amgalimoto osiyanasiyana.

Pali mitundu iwiri ya makina opangira zingwe zamagalimoto

(1) Kugawidwa ndi mayiko aku Europe ndi America, kuphatikiza China, dongosolo la TS16949 limagwiritsidwa ntchito kuwongolera njira zopangira.

(2) Makamaka ku Japan: Toyota, Honda, ali ndi makina awo owongolera njira zopangira.

Opanga zingwe zamagalimoto oyendetsa magalimoto ali ndi zofunikira zawo ndipo amaganizira zofunikira pakupanga chingwe ndi kuwongolera mtengo wa chingwe. Zomera zazikuluzikulu zama waya zapadziko lonse lapansi zimadalira ma waya ndi zingwe, monga Yazaki, Sumitomo, Leni, Guhe, Fujikura, kelop, Jingxin, ndi zina zambiri

Kuyambitsa mwachidule kwa zida zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito popangira zingwe zamagalimoto

1. Waya (waya wamagetsi wochepa, 60-600v)

Mitundu ya mawaya:

Mzere wadziko lonse: QVR, QFR, QVVR, qbv, qbv, ndi zina

Chodetsa tsiku ndi tsiku: AV, AVS, AVSS, AEX, AVX, cavus, EB, TW, she-g, ndi zina

Chizindikiro chaku Germany: flry-a, flry-b, ndi zina

Mzere waku America: Sxl, ndi zina

Mafotokozedwe wamba ndi mawaya okhala ndi magawo azigawo a 0,5, 0.75, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5, 4.0, 6.0 square mm

2.Chimake

Chimake (chipolopolo cha labala) nthawi zambiri chimapangidwa ndi pulasitiki. Woyendetsa wa osindikizidwa amalowetsedwamo kuti atsimikizire kudalirika kwa kulumikizana. Zinthuzo zimaphatikizapo PA6, PA66, ABS, PBT, PP, ndi zina

3. Pokwelera

Chida chopangidwa ndi ma hardware, chomwe chimakhala chopindika pa waya kulumikiza mawaya osiyanasiyana kuti atumizire zikwangwani, kuphatikiza maimuna, maimuna achikazi, malo okhala ndi mphete ndi malo ozungulira, ndi zina zambiri.

Zipangizo zazikulu ndizamkuwa ndi mkuwa (kuuma kwa mkuwa ndikotsika pang'ono kuposa kwamkuwa), ndipo mkuwa umakhala gawo lalikulu.

2.Chikwama chachikopa: Bolt yopanda madzi, pulagi yakhungu, mphete yosindikiza, mbale yotseka, clasp, ndi zina zambiri

Amagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga cholumikizira ndi phukusi

3. Kudzera mbali ya mphira ya zingwe za waya

Ili ndi ntchito yokana kukana, yopanda madzi komanso yosindikiza. Amagawidwa makamaka pamalumikizidwe pakati pa injini ndi kanyumba, mawonekedwe pakati pa kanyumba kanyumba ndi kanyumba (kumanzere ndi kumanja kwathunthu), kulumikizana pakati pa zitseko zinayi (kapena khomo lakumbuyo) ndi galimoto, ndi thanki yamafuta polowera.

4. Mangani (chojambula)

Choyambirira, chomwe nthawi zambiri chimapangidwa ndi pulasitiki, chimagwiritsidwa ntchito kupangira zingwe zamagalimoto mgalimoto. Pali zomangira, zotchinga zomangirira.

5. Chitoliro

Kugawidwa mu chitoliro chazitsulo, chitoliro chotentha cha PVC, chitoliro cha fiberglass. Chitoliro choluka, chitoliro chokhotakhota, ndi zina zotero.

① Ziphuphu

Nthawi zambiri, pafupifupi 60% kapena zochulukira zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pomanga mtolo. Mbali yayikulu ndiyabwino kukana kukana, kutentha kwambiri, kutentha kwamoto ndi kukana kutentha ndizabwino kwambiri kutentha. Kutentha kwa kutentha kwa belu ndi - 40-150 ℃. Zinthu zake zimagawika mu PP ndi pa2. PA ilibwino kuposa PP pakutha kwamoto ndi kuvala kukana, koma PP ndiyabwino kuposa PA mukutopa.

② Ntchito ya chitoliro chotentha cha PVC chimakhala chofanana ndi chitoliro chazitsulo. PVC chitoliro kusinthasintha ndi kupinda mapindikidwe kukana zabwino, ndipo PVC chitoliro zambiri anatseka, kotero PVC chitoliro zimagwiritsa ntchito pa nthambi ya oyang'anira unakhota, kuti waya waya kusintha. Kutentha kukana kutentha kwa chitoliro PVC si mkulu, makamaka pansipa 80 ℃.

6. Tepi

Tepi Yopanga: bala pamwamba pa zingwe zama waya. (ogawanika kukhala PVC, tepi ya siponji, tepi ya nsalu, tepi yamapepala, ndi zina zambiri). Tepi yodziwitsa anthu zaubwino: imagwiritsa ntchito kuzindikira zolakwika zazopanga.

Tepiyo imagwira ntchito yoluka, kuvala, kutchinjiriza, kuyimitsa lawi, kuchepetsa phokoso, chodetsa ndi ntchito zina mumtolo wa waya, zomwe nthawi zambiri zimakhala pafupifupi 30% yazinthu zomangiriza. Pali mitundu itatu ya tepi yolumikizira waya: Tepi ya PVC, tepi ya mpweya ndi tepi yoyika nsalu. Tepi ya PVC imakhala ndi kukana kwabwino komanso kuyimitsidwa kwamoto, ndipo kutentha kwake kumakhala pafupifupi 80 ℃, motero magwiridwe ake ochepetsa phokoso siabwino ndipo mtengo wake ndi wotsika. Zomwe tepi ya flannel ndi tepi yoyika ndi nsalu. Tepi ya flannel ili ndi magwiridwe antchito omangirira komanso ochepetsa phokoso, ndipo kulimbana ndi kutentha kuli pafupifupi 105 ℃; tepi ya nsalu imakhala ndi kukana kwabwino kwambiri, ndipo kutentha kokwanira kumakhala pafupifupi 150 ℃. Zoyipa wamba za tepi ya flannel ndi tepi yoyika nsalu ndizochepera kwamoto komanso mtengo wokwera.

Kudziwa za zingwe zamagalimoto zamagalimoto

Galimoto yolumikizira zingwe

Ma zingwe oyendetsa galimoto ndiye gawo lalikulu lamagalimoto oyendetsa magalimoto. Popanda zingwe zamagetsi, sipadzakhala magalimoto oyenda. Pakadali pano, kaya ndi galimoto yabwino kwambiri kapena yachuma, zingwe zolumikizira ndizofanana, zomwe zimapangidwa ndi mawaya, zolumikizira ndi tepi wokutira.

Waya wamagalimoto amatchedwanso waya wamagetsi ochepa, omwe ndi osiyana ndi waya wamba wanyumba. Wamba m'nyumba waya ndi mkuwa umodzi pachimake waya, ndi kuuma ena. Mawaya amgalimoto ndi amkuwa amitundu ingapo osunthika, ena omwe ndi owonda ngati tsitsi. Mawaya angapo amtundu wamkuwa kapena wokutira wokutidwa ndi mapaipi otetezedwa ndi pulasitiki (PVC), omwe ndi ofewa komanso osavuta kuthyoka.

osadziwika

Mafayilo omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito pophatikiza zingwe zamagalimoto amaphatikizira matelefoni omwe ali ndi magawo a 0,5, 0.75, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.0, 2.5, 4.0, 6.0, ndi zina zonse. zida zosiyanasiyana zamagetsi. Tengani oyang'anira galimoto monga chitsanzo, mzere wa 0,5 umagwiritsidwa ntchito pa nyali yazida, nyali yowonetsera, nyali yam'nyumba, nyali yakadenga, ndi zina .; Mzere wa 0,75 ndi woyenera wa nyali yamatayala, kutsogolo ndi kumbuyo kwa nyali zazing'ono, nyali yamagalimoto, ndi zina; 1.0 mfundo mzere ndi oyenera nayenso mbendera nyale, chifunga nyali, etc.; 1.5 mfundo mzere ndi oyenera nyali, nyanga, etc.; mzere wamagetsi waukulu monga waya wamagetsi wamagetsi, waya wokhazikika, ndi zina zambiri zimafunikira waya wa 2.5-4mm2. Izi zimangotanthauza galimoto yonse, kiyi imadalira kuchuluka kwazomwe katundu wanyamula pano. Mwachitsanzo, waya wapansi wa batri ndi mzere wamagetsi wamagetsi amagwiritsidwa ntchito mosiyana ndi mawaya amgalimoto. Ma waya awiriwa ndi akulu, osachepera mamilimita khumi. Ma waya a "Big Mac" sadzaphatikizidwa mu zingwe zazikulu.

Musanakonzekeretse zingwe zomangirira, chithunzi cholumikizira cholumikizira chiyenera kujambulidwa pasadakhale, chomwe ndi chosiyana ndi chiwonetsero cha dera. Chithunzi chojambulira dera ndi chithunzi chomwe chimalongosola ubale womwe ulipo pakati pamagetsi osiyanasiyana. Siziwonetsa momwe zida zamagetsi zimalumikizirana, ndipo sizimakhudzidwa ndi kukula ndi mawonekedwe amtundu uliwonse wamagetsi komanso mtunda wapakati pake. Chithunzithunzi cholumikizira zingwe chimaganizira kukula ndi mawonekedwe amagetsi aliwonse ndi mtunda wapakati pawo, ndikuwonetsanso momwe zida zamagetsi zimalumikizirana.

Zosadziwika

Wogwiritsa ntchito fakitale yolumikizira zingwe atapanga kachingwe kolumikizira waya molingana ndi kujambula kwa zingwe, wogwira ntchito adula waya ndi waya molingana ndi malamulo a bolodi yolumikizira. Chingwe chachikulu cha galimoto yonse nthawi zambiri chimagawika injini (poyatsira, EFI, kupanga magetsi, kuyambira), chida, kuyatsa, zowongolera mpweya, zida zamagetsi zothandizira ndi ziwalo zina, kuphatikiza zingwe zazikulu ndi zingwe zama nthambi. Chingwe chachikulu chamagalimoto chimakhala ndi zingwe zingapo zama waya, monga mtengo wamtengo ndi nthambi. Chida chazida ndicho gawo lalikulu la zingwe zazikulu zagalimoto yonseyo, yomwe imapita mtsogolo ndi mtsogolo. Chifukwa cha ubale wautali kapena msonkhano wosavuta ndi zifukwa zina, zingwe zamagalimoto zamagalimoto zina zimagawika m'magulu oyimilira (kuphatikiza chida, injini, msonkhano wakutsogolo, chowongolera mpweya, batire), zingwe zakumbuyo (msonkhano wa nyali zamchira, nyali yamapepala, Nyali ya thunthu), zingwe zomangira padenga (chitseko, nyali yakumwamba, lipenga la mawu), ndi zina zonse Kumapeto kwa chingwecho kumayikidwa manambala ndi zilembo zosonyeza kulumikizana kwa waya. Wogwiritsa ntchito amatha kuwona kuti chizindikirocho chikhoza kulumikizidwa molondola ndi zingwe zamagetsi ndi zida zamagetsi, zomwe zimathandiza kwambiri pakakonza kapena m'malo mwa zingwezo. Nthawi yomweyo, mtundu wa waya wagawika mzere umodzi ndi utoto wapawiri. Cholinga cha utoto chimatchulidwanso, zomwe nthawi zambiri zimayikidwa ndi wopanga magalimoto. Makampani aku China amakhazikika pamtundu wokhawo, mwachitsanzo, wakuda wosakwatiwa amagwiritsidwa ntchito poyikira waya, monochrome yofiira imagwiritsidwa ntchito pamzere wamagetsi, womwe sungasokonezeke.

Waya mangani wokutidwa ndi nsalu yoluka kapena tepi yapulasitiki. Pazachitetezo, kukonza ndi kukonza kosavuta, kukulunga kwa waya kwachotsedwa. Tsopano wokutidwa ndi zomatira pulasitiki tepi. Cholumikizira kapena cholumikizira chimagwiritsidwa ntchito kulumikizana pakati pa zingwe ndi zingwe komanso pakati pa zingwe zamagetsi zamagetsi. Cholumikizacho chimapangidwa ndi pulasitiki ndipo chimakhala ndi pulagi ndi socket. Chingwe cholumikizira cholumikizira ndi cholumikizira ndi waya cholumikizira, ndipo kulumikizana pakati pa zingwe ndi zida zamagetsi kumalumikizidwa ndi cholumikizira kapena chikwama.

Ndi kuchuluka kwa magwiridwe antchito agalimoto komanso kugwiritsa ntchito ukadaulo wamagetsi, zida zamagetsi zowonjezereka, zingwe zochulukirapo, ndipo zingwe zama waya zizikhala zazikulu komanso zolemera. Chifukwa chake, galimoto zapamwamba zatulutsa kasinthidwe ka basi ya CAN, imagwiritsa ntchito njira yotumizira yama multiplex. Poyerekeza ndi zingwe zachikhalidwe zolumikizira, kuchuluka kwa mawaya ndi zolumikizira kwachepetsedwa kwambiri, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti zingwe zikhale zosavuta.